Bunions are an enlargement of the big toe joint of the foot will often be occuring with a deviation in the angle of the great toe or hallux. The only real method of getting rid of bunions is with surgery, however there are many non-surgical alternatives that may be considered which may result in some modest improvement in the angle of the toe and help reduce any symptoms that the bunion may have. Bunions are more common in women and much more common in people that wear inadequately fitting footwear. There is also a genetic component to bunions as well, but that's not well understood.
What can be done to stay away from surgery? Bunion correctors are splints which are generally used at night and are designed to correct the position of the big toe. They actually do generally help at changing the angle of the big toe a few degrees following a month or so. These types of bunion splints also help in keeping the toes flexible and can lessen some of the pain that you could get in the joint. Likewise, exercises to stretch and keep the big toe joint mobile is also likely to assist with the symptoms, but it will not make the enlargement go away nor improve the angle of the great toe or hallux. Quite often padding are useful to get the stress of the bunion from the footwear. They can be frustrating to use, but are very beneficial if the footwear pressures on the lump is part of the issue. Just about the most important thing to do is to get the footwear right. The shoes play a significant role in creating the bunion as well as progressing it more rapidly when they don't fit adequately. Those with bunions certainly do need to get out of the sort of shoes that could have led to the problem and get wearing shoes that do not put pressure on the enlargement.